GUPTA, Anita & BROOTA, Aruna (University of Delhi)
The components of test anxiety were investigated in high school girls (N=300). They performed a difficult task of anagrams after administrating stress or conditions. The reassurance procedure was efficacious in reducing the emotionality state rather than the worry state of high test anxious girls at both high as well as low levels of cognitive capacity than their low test anxious counterparts. It also improved the performance of high-test-anxious-high cognitive capacity girls on difficult anagrams task as compared to their low-test-anxious-high cognitive capacity girls. Physiological arousal, as measured by heart rate did not account for the lower performance of the highly anxious at both the levels of cognitive capacity. On the whole the results show that reassurance manipulation was singularly successful.
BIOLOGICAL EVOLUTION, ECOLOGY, HEALTH, AND
GUPTA, G.C. (University of Delhi)
Evolutionary processes, ecological constraints, and the quality of nutrients/food shape one's health behaviour. In respect of the latter, competent pointers are available. Evolutionists' and geneticists' recent research findings point to that humans may be collecting bad genes and getting weaker and sicker with each new generation because of a build up of bad genes. In an ecologically closed system, relatively, a native healthcare system may not be that competent to meet all the exigencies. It may turn out to be the survival of the fittest. However, the situation may turn out to be bad when an incompetent health-care system interacts with the bad gene pool, especially in an ecologically closed system, closed socio-culturally. Bad genes over generations may promote perpetuation by mutations a certain bad health trend in a certain group of people from that ecology. Evolutionary psychology reveals human minds, like those of other species, to be imperfect, relatively jerry-built devices that are shaped by natural selection to deal with a specific set of problems in the species' ancestral environment. Minds are likely to have blind spots. The presentation aims to illustrate and highlight the issues implicated.
SOCIAL IDENTITY OF BENGALI MUSLIM IMMIGRANTS AND
NON¬IMMIGRANTS AS A FUNCTION OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS
HUQ, Mozammel Md. (University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh)
This study investigated the social identity of Bengali Muslim immigrants and non-immigrants in terms of own group and out-group evaluations as related to upper middle, middle and low socio-economic status (SES). The participants (N= 180) • equally divided into Bengali Muslim immigrants and non-immigrants constituted the sample. An Adjective Check List consisting of 24 bipolar adjectives was used for data collection. It was found that Bengali Muslim immigrants exhibited significantly higher positive social identity as compared to Bengali Muslim non¬immigrants. SES emerged as an important variable that accounted for the differential patterns of Bengali Muslim immigrants and non-immigrants.
IMPACT OF HEALTH FITNESS AND HEALTH BEHAVIOURS
ON QUALITY OF LIFE.
INDERJEET*, DIMRI, G.P.**, PANWAR, M.R.*** &
KISHNANI, S.** (*Defence Institute of Psychological Research,
**Directorate of Biomedical and Allied Sciences, ***Defence
Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences)
The present study examined the impact of health/fitness status on perceived quality of life (QOL) among officers of the Indian Armed Forces (N=535) from Army, Navy and Air Force: The study showed that health status and accident control factors contribute significantly towards the prediction of QOL among Infantry officers. It was also found that besides the common factors of health status and health fitness, non-drinkers and non-smokers are high on health behaviours like wellness maintenance and enhancement and accident control. Based on the findings, some recommendations are made.
STRESS MANAGEMENT: A THOUGHT
FOR CORPORATE MANAGERS.
JAGOTA, S. (Punj Lloyd Ltd.)
With all the comforts and amenities that surround us today the life seems to be lot more easier than before. However, with the fast pace of technology, the rapid dynamics of work ethics and a rising pressure to perform, the modern age has become an era of stress. Stress has become an epidemic manifesting itself in the form of tension, frustration, anxiety and worry. It blunts management's effectiveness and initiative. Consequently, the health of the organization and its human resources may be at risk. The negative consequences of long term unmanaged stresses may be loss of vigour and vitality, erosion in the ability to make decisions and judgements, manifestation of anger, irritability and withdrawal behaviour among managers. This paper explains the sources of stress - both external circumstances and self-related - and suggests ways of remedying them in this age of cut-throat competition in the corporate world.
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