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SPIRITUALITY AND HEALTH
DHARMANANDA, Swami (Adhyatma Sadhana Kendra)

Man has been dreaming from time immemorial to have better health, good intellect and blissful state. Spirituality is mainly connected with the soul. When the soul is not pure, then, there is problem of health. When we talk about life or soul in the body, then we find the following seven Components: Body, Senses, Breath, Prana, Mind, Emotion, and Language, which influence each other. In the field of health and cure, there are two main branches of treatment, the one is for the physical ailments and the other for the mental diseases. But when we think deeply over the matter of illness, we find that there are only 10 per cent reasons for physical illness, and only 20 per cent are on account of mental illness. The remaining 70 per cent is due to emotional imbalance. The Prana is the bridge between the gross body and the subtle body. There are some diseases of which we cannot find out the cause outside, that may be due to our reactions of our past actions in the life or in previous lives. The Ayurvedic system asserts that all the activities of this body are being governed by the karmas lying in the causal body and when the reactions are transferred to gross body through prana then the body is affected by the diseases. When the Apana-Prana is disturbed, the person begins to feel sadness, uncomfortable and mental depression. When the practice of deep breathing, meditation & kayotsarg of Preksha meditation is practised, the diseases of heart and psycosomatic disorders are regressed and health is restored. In the context of body and soul meeting point, we can take in the first instance hypothalamus as the place where the body and soul interact. The second centre can be the navel, this is the centre of our bio-energy where the instincts take place. The mind, body and speech are regulated by the emotional system. All our activities are being run by the emotions. The doctor treats the body, psychologist treats the mind. Holistic health necessitates keeping the seven factors in mind. This can be achieved by the spiritual process of self-restraint. The important ones include (1) diet - eat moderate diet, (2) body - avoid unnecessary physical labour, (3) sense organs -less use of sense organs, (4) breath - breath slowly and rhythmically, (5) speech -do not speak unnecessarily, and (6) mind - keep the mind steady.


THE NOTION OF PERSON IN AYURVED AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR CONCEPTUALIZING HEALTH.
DWIVEDI, C.B. (Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi)

This paper examines the notions of purusa, dehaprakriti or tridosas and sattva prakriti as delienated in Ayurveda - the Indian science of life. Utilizing materials from the work of Caraka and Susruta an effort is made to bring out the range of concerns and levels of human existence addressed to by the Indian thinkers. The Ayurvedic classification of persons is presented and some of the implications for health/well being are proposed. In this perspective, well being is located in person's interaction with the world inside as well as outside.


REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH OF WOMEN WITH DISABILITIES: SOME CONCERNS AND ISSUES.
GHAI, Anita (Jesus & Mary College, New Delhi)

People with disabilities face many obstacles in their struggle for equality. Although men and women with disabilities are subject to discrimination because of their disabilities, women with disabilities are at double disadvantage because of the combined discrimination based on gender and disability. This paper examines the effects of this situation on reproductive health. It demonstrates how reproductive concerns of women with liabilities and expectant mothers with knowledge about a child with disability have been neglected. There has been scant public debate about revolutionary new technologies that allow us to ascertain certain medical facts before one is even born. In what varying ways can we react as individuals and society? What are legitimate public health goals? Is it possible to look at people as equal and still feel the need for prenatal examination? It is hoped that generating a public discourse can prevent a drift toward a society where there is little tolerance for either physical diversity or diversity in decision making.


HUMAN GUINEAPIGS ARE HERE... AND  PROFIT IS NO LONGER A DIRTY WORD
GOSWAM1, Utpal & KHASTGIR,
Udyan (Lady Harding Medical College, New Delhi)

The emerging Euro-American dictates on the process that seeks to harmonize both .the conceptual and operational variables involving experimentation with human subject is a definite cause of concern to developing economies. As a result of inbuilt vulnerability - assumed or validated - western aggression due to shrinkage of the global village, the south-east Asian Nations (rather its human Guineapigs ???) from now on attract multinational pharmaceuticals giants to take transcontinental flights and impose a set of confusing rules in the guise of scientific rigour. At the receiving end, the groups of "vernacular" academia ponder over such issues as applying Anglo-American written informed consent forms among a population decidedly unclear about such outlandish words and concepts such as indemnification, insurance legal accountability and so on. This presentation is aimed at bringing under the microscope a mixed bag of science and politics of the currently pivotal alien interests such as international conference on harmonization and good clinical practice, Geneva Convention and Helsinki Declaration. We shall highlight that, Euro-American rigidity on ICH-GCP guidelines is overlooking country specific needs while approaching the underprivileged populous nations such as India. At the same time, we have also a deeply engraved repulsion to honour ethical obligations in clinical practice involving clinical trials of new and old compounds. We have this exaggerated aversive response to be regulated/questioned as the clinicians play the "God Complex" all the time. Lastly why is it that we have to be always told to do the 'eight things' by big brothers. Health sector seems to be like many other sectors govern by economic compulsions. The Indian Council of Medical Research is waking up to the need of developing a country specific GCP guideline only now. The behaviour related disorders become important only after World Bank reported in the World Development Report of its importance and impact in terms of health burden on the economy come 2005. We too need to complete our introspection and take a stand balance of GATI compulsions.


ABSTRACTS
(SAAP-Delhi Con.-1999)
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