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Comparison Between Males and Females on National Attitudes in the Context of Bangladesh
Quazi Raihanul Mazid Chowdhury and Md. Mozammel Huq
Department of Psychology, Rajshahi University, Bangladesh

This study was an empirical investigation in national attitudes among males and females in Bangladesh. The sample consisted of 100 respondents selected from the campus of the Rajshahi University. The age of the respondents ranged from 18 to 22 years. They were equally divided into males and females. Each category was again equally subdivided into undergraduate and post-graduate levels according to their academic status. Thus the study involved 2x2 factorial design representing two levels of sex (Males/Females) and two levels of academic status (Undergraduate/Post graduate). The study used National Attitude Questionnaire (NAQ) for data collection. The results reported differential findings both for sex and academic status.

Experiences of Depression in Adolescents as a Function of Academic Achievement and Gender Differences
Sultana Zakiya Huq, Md. Abdul Latif and Md. Mazammel Huq
Department of Psychology, Rajshahi University, Bangladesh

This study was an empirical investigation on experiences of depression among boys and girls in their early and late adolescent periods in relation to academic achievement. The sample consisted of 320 respondents. They were equally divided into early adolescents and late adolescents. Each category was again equally divided into boys and girls. Both the categories of boys and girls were equally subdivided into high achiever and low achiever depending on their academic achievements in schools and colleges. The study involved 2x2x2 factorial design representing two levels of academic achievement (High Achiever/ Low Achiever) and two levels of age. The Bengali adaptation of Depressive Experiences Questionnaire (DEQ) was used for data collection. The results indicated that the main effect for age was statistically significant. Interactions between age and academic achievement as well as age, sex and academic achievement were also statistically significant.

Occupational Stress, Job Involvement and Mental Health of Doctors and Nurses Working Under Fixed and Rotating Schedule in Private and Public Hospitals and Clinics
Manzurul Huq and Md. Kamal Uddin
Department of Psychology, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh

The study aimed at investigating occupational stress, job involvement and mental health of health professionals as a function of occupational type (doctors vs. nurses), work schedule (Fixed schedule vs. rotating schedule) and type of enterprises they are involved in. Also associations of experience, income and sex of the professionals with their occupational stress, job involvement and mental health were measured. A total of 178 professionals were randomly selected as a sample. Bangla versions of occupational stress index (Srivastava and Singh, 1981) job involvement questionnaire (Kanungo, 1982) and mental health questionnaire (Glodberg, 1972) were used to measure occupational stress (OS), job involvement (JI) and mental health (MH) respectively. Results showed significant effect of occupational type on job involvement (F= 5.1; p<0.05), the nurses being more involved than doctors and of work schedule on mental health (F=4.03, p<0.05), the fixed schedule professionals having better mental health than those under rotating schedule. Associations between income and occupational stress (r = - 0.19, P<0.01), experience and job involvement (r=0.15; p<0.05) and income and mental health (r=0.15; p<0.05) were also found to be significant. Moreover, job involvement was found to be significantly associated with sex (X2 = 6.15, p<0.01), females being more involved with the job than males.

Environment and Mental Health : A Case Study of A Child
Monir Ahmed
Department of Clinical Psychology University of Dhaka, Bangladesh

Mental health of a child depends on a wide variety of aspects of which environmental factors play important role either in maintaining a sound mental health or in making a child vulnerable in terms of psychological difficulties and disorders. In fact there is a reciprocal influence and relationship between behaviour and environment. Nonetheless, environment and mental factors (e.g. family, housing and social situation) are associated with the problems children encounter during their development. However, maternal depression, environmental stress, parental management techniques, parental history are some of the factors which can lead a child to psychological difficulties and disorder. These factors encompass the range of social and emotional pressures and reactions that affect the mental health of children. The paper presents a clinical case of a child and demonstrates some of these environmental factors, which have contributed to the mental health problems (e.g. lack of attention in study, anxiety about academic performance, exaggerated demand) for the child.

(BPA & SAAP Con. 2001)
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