Department of Psychology, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Dehi-110025
The aims of the present study were four-fold: (a) to assess the effect of nature of organization, type of workers and sex on the degree of organizational climate,(b) to determine the significant difference in the degree of organizational climate with respect to these variables, (c ) to examine the influence of nature of organization, type of workers and sex on the level of job satisfaction, and (d) to determine the significant difference in the degree of fob satisfaction with respect to these demographic variables. The scales by Pareek (1975) and Muthaya (1973) were administered for measuring organizational climate and job satisfaction respectively on a sample of 240 subjects comprising of supervisors and workers of both sex hailing from Government and private sector. The sample was thus equally representative with respect to the demographic variables such as organization, type of workers and sex. Analysis of data by means of ANOVA and t-test indicated that the nature of organization and type of workers had a significant influence on the degree of organizational climate. Similar were the results for its interaction between type of organization and type of workers. On job satisfaction, nature of organization and type of work had a significant effect. Sex of workers and organizational climate had significant interaction effect on the degree of job satisfaction. The degree of job satisfaction was significantly more among employees of private sector, supervisors and male subject than their counterparts.
EVALUATIVE NATIONAL IMAGES HELD BY VARIOUS SOCIO-ECONOMIC
STATUS GROUPS Shahuria Enam and Md. Mozammel Huq
Department of Psychology, University of Rajshahi
This study is an attempt to examine the evaluative national images held by high and low socio-economic status groups. Gender differential and residential background were also considered for this purpose. The sample of the study was composed of 40 Ss. They were equally divided into urban and rural according to their residential background. Each category was again equally divided into male and female. Each category of males and females were again equally divided into high and low subgroups according to their socio-economic status. A measure of Socio-economic Status Scale was used for sample selection. The semantic differential method developed by Osgood et al. (1957) for measuring the affective meanings of various objects provided a very useful instrument in this study. Accordingly, an Adjective Cheek List bipolar in nature, was used for data collection. Data were analysed using t-test. The result reported different evaluative national images by various subgroups of the Ss.
AN OVERVIEW OF IDENTITY ACHIEVEMENT AND IDENTITY
CRISIS IN BANGLADESHI ADOLESCENTS
Sanzida Zohra Habib and Monzur Ahmad, Dept. of Psychology, Rajshahi University &
Bengali version of the Expended Objective Measure of Ego Identity Status was applied on Bangladeshi adolescents with a view to obtain preliminary idea and information about the formation and development of their ego identity. A total of 285 adolescents, aged 16 to 18 years participated in the study of whom 150 were males and 135 females. The percentages of the participants were determined for four different identity status categories and the possible gender difference among male and female participants in identity formation was also investigated. In general, the highest percentage of adolescents were found under moratorium, the next higher percentage under diffusion, followed by the percentage for foreclosure, with the lowest percentage for identity achievement status. Results of one way ANOVAs revealed that females scored significantly higher than males on ideological foreclosure, total foreclosure and interpersonal diffusion while cross tabulation of identity status by gender revealed no significant gender difference for the different ideological and total identity status, except the interpersonal status.
SOCIAL RELATIONSHIP AND BURNOUT AMONG
TEACHERS OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SCHOOLS
Shuchita Sharmin, Independent University
The present study was conducted to investigate whether social relationship and burnout of teachers each differs by type of school, class size, teachers' age, gender, job experience, exposure to training, marital status and income; whether social relationship and burnout are correlated to each other; and whether different facets of social relationship have impact on teacher burnout. While 9 schools (4 public, 5 private) were selected purposively, the respondents (158 teachers) from each school were selected by systematic random sampling technique. Results revealed that social relationship scores differed significantly by type of school, class size, and exposure to training. Comparison of group means revealed that the mean social relationship score was: higher for the private school teachers than the public school teachers, higher for smaller class size than larger class size and higher for untrained group of teachers than the trained teachers. Social relationship and burnout scores were found to be significantly and negatively correlated to each other, the strength of the association being moderate. Results of multiple regression indicated that ' social integration' and 'reassurance of worth' were the two facets of social relationship which were the best fit to explain burnout. These two facets jointly explained 15.38 percent of the variation in burnout (dependent variable).
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