The present research is an effort to understand mental health in the context of age. Mental health across five age groups (i.e. 20, 30, 40, 50, & 60 years) was studied. IPAT Depression Scale, Self-Rating Depression Scale and Saxena's Adjustment Inventory were used. Results revealed that there is no significant difference in depression level of different age groups as measured by any scale. Neurotic depression and adjustment were negatively related. The findings emphasize the need for social support during crisis and negative life events.
STRESS AND BURNOUT IN PEOPLE-HELPING PROFESSIONALS:
SOME FINDINGS AND REFLECTIONS ON TYPE A BEHAVIOUR PATTERN AND HARDINESS.
MISRA, Neelima (University of Lucknow)
The present paper aims at analysing nature of relationship of Type A Behaviour pattern and Personality Hardiness with stress and Burnout in two groups of people-helping professionals-doctors and teachers. Though in most of the studies reviewed, a negative relationship between these variables has been obtained, but some inconsistencies came into light when the relationships between components of these variables and gender differences in them were examined. The findings suggest the need for further exploration of the dynamics of these relationships.
PERSONALITY, STRESS REACTIONS AND CORONARY HEART DISEASE
MOHAN, Jitender (Punjab University, Chandigarh)
Recent research has provided a formidable evidence that personality and ways of handling stress are causally related to psychosomatic complaints and various diseases including cancer and coronary heart disease (CHD). Of special interest are the prospective studies carried by Eysenck and Grossarth Maticek over a period of 10 to 20 years which have clearly demonstrated the predictability of cancer and CHD. Their studies have demonstrated that personality is an important risk factor in these diseases and they developed an inventory - Personality Stress Questionnaire (PSQ) measuring certain personality/behaviour types which are differentially prone to chronic diseases especially cancer and CHD. In the present study an attempt was made to test these claims in the Indian Population. For this purpose 100 CHD, 100 Essential Hypertension and 100 Healthy Controls were administered the PS.Q to ascertain if certain behaviour types were more prone to cardiovascular diseases as claimed. Results are discussed in terms of providing further evidence regarding role of personality in chronic diseases. It has definite significance in term's of extending frontiers of health psychology.
Stress is considered to be an inherent in a manager's job which involves problem solving, decision-making, interaction with people and managing all resources effectively. Research suggests that middle level managers experience stress of a different type and their response to it is also different. The present study investigated middle level managers from Public and Private sectors. The results showed that the managers of Public Sector experienced greater role erosion and self role conflict as compared to their counterparts from the private sector. Characteristics of the public sector like inadequate autonomy, multiple objectives and frequent changes in leadership could be some of the reasons for the greater stress being experienced by these managers. On the other hand the private sector seems to have a better work climate which is giving enough forward orientation in one's job role and also less amount of intra-personal conflictual situations.
FOUNDATIONS OF MENTAL WELL-BEING ARE LAID IN
EARLY CHILDHOOD REARING.
MOHAN, Vidhu ( Punjab University, Chandigarh)
The paper describes the nature of happiness and the parental role in fostering the right kind of attitudes and values in early formative years of childhood. Describing the Triguna personality (Sattavic, Rajasic and Tamasic) as espoused in the Bhagvad Gita, a state of bliss in conceptualised as the prevailing of the Sattavic Guna upon the other two Gunas. The author (Mohan 1998) developed a module for 'Self Growth Skills. These included Interpersonal skills, sensitivity, communication skills including listening, self knowing, resolving intra-personal conflicts, motivating self, developing positive and innovative thinking, coping with the stresses of life. In order to inculcate these, the initiation must take place in the early part of life for which parental training for proper child rearing practices is a must. The author has developed a scale to measure how parents reflect their love for the child. Most of the socialization takes place through love. But often we don't know how to express it. The author on the basis of her research identified ten areas in which parental involvement is a must for a well adjusted development of the child. These areas are-taking interest in the academic affairs of the child, social relations and friends of the child, recreation, economic self-sufficiency, adequate nutrition, and suitable clothes, looking after puberty development, demonstration of love, helping in personality development, and taking care of the health. Through proper looking after and care in the said areas, the parents can inculcate the right attitude towards life with more predisposition towards the supremacy of the Sattavic Guna in the child.
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