Chander (Defence Institute of Psychological Research, Delhi)
Soldiers (N=600) posted at family stations and at field stations completed Personal Information Questionnaire, Multiphasie Questionnaire, and Adjustment Inventory. The results revealed that (I) Soldiers staying without families have more depressive tendencies and disturbances in the area of occupation than those staying with the families, (ii) Soldiers posted at field stations and away from families have shown hysterical and depressive tendencies. They have also shown disturbances in the areas of health, occupation and emotion, (iii) Personality-wise, during separation phase, Sensitizers are more prone to have mental tensions, ill health, and adjustment problems in the area of home, emotion and occupation when compared to Repressors. Based on the findings of the study some recommendations are made.
COMMUNITY BASED PROGRAMME FOR
EDUCATION ON ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH.
KRISHNA, Shyamala (Centre for Environment Education, New Delhi).
Environmental health can be thought of as a branch of community medicine because except in rare instances, the health effects due to a particular or a set of varied factors, it is because of the presence of the specific pollutant or a combination of several pollutants in the environment and very often affects a whole section of the community. The health consequences also vary according to whether the said pollutant/s are present in the air, water or soil and in what form - such as organic/inorganic, bound/free etc. The absorption of the toxin or pollutant would also depend on valency, solubility, dispersion and general health status of the subject. With increasing presence of toxins in air, water and soil, health effects specifically due to pollution is on the rise and almost every day a new syndrome related to pollution is being defined. But how can people be made aware of various aspects of environmental health?
How communities should be warned of the various dangers that they are faced with, without creating a panic. People need to be educated on choices that they need to make for keeping themselves fit in an environment where almost everything has something toxic and every situation is filled with danger.
Furthermore, some environmental effects like cancer do not show up till several years later as also diseases like pneumoconiosis and mental derangement. Therefore, community based education for environmental health needs to be worked out according to different environmental problems and also according to different target groups. It is very important also to keep in mind that environmental health is very closely linked with other facets of community health and both are very important for achieving a better quality of life. For instance without basic hygiene being given priority, we cannot hope to achieve any success in the field of environmental health. Similarly, educational concepts addressed to change of behaviour of the community would also have to be devised considering the age, sex, educational background and the type of environmental health effects-whether due to a specific pollutant or toxin or a combination of factors.
INDUCED STRESS AND EMOTIONAL AROUSAL.
KHOSLA, Meetu & GUPTA, Ashum (University of Delhi)
Effects of induced stress were assessed in terms of physiological arousal and changes in mood. Physiological 'arousal was assessed by recording Heart Rate and Skin Conductance while the Ss viewed the different film clips from Hindi movies of neutral, aggressive and -depressive types. Nowlis Adjective Checklist of Mood was used to assess the mood after viewing each film clip. Results indicated variation in physiological arousal in response to different stressful film clips as compared to the neutral film clip. A corresponding change in the viewer's mood was also observed after viewing the different film clips. The results are examined in view of the cognitive appraisal theory.
DESIGNING PSYCHOSOCIAL INTERVENTIONS FOR
WOMEN WITH CERVICAL CANCER: SOME ISSUES
KOHLI, Neena (University of Allahabad)
This paper attempts to identify some salient issues that deserve merit while designing psychological interventions for women with cervical cancer. These issues form the basis of evolving psychosocial interventions appropriate in Indian cultural context. The focus of these interventions would be on patients' education and training for self-care and preparing them to serve as informed guides for the community. All these training programmes would be carried out in the hospitals catering to rural population. A plan to test the effectiveness of the Intervention programme is also presented.
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